Prospective remembering in younger and older adults: Role of the prospective cue

Academic Article

Abstract

  • In these studies, adult age differences in event-based prospective memory were examined using an adapted version of G.O. Einstein and M.A. McDaniel's (1990) task. In Experiments 1-3, we varied prospective cue specificity by assigning a specific target word or an unspecified word drawn from a given taxonomic category. In Experiment 3, we manipulated cue typicality by presenting low or high typicality target words. Results yielded positive effects of cue specificity on prospective performance. Age effects occurred when high typicality target words served as prospective cues (Exps. 1 and 3), but younger and older adults performed comparably with moderate and low typicality words (Exps. 2 and 3). Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that age accounted for a small but significant amount of variance in prospective memory, although the contribution of age was substantially reduced after statistically controlling for recognition mrmoty. Implications of these data for current views on prospective remembering are discussed.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Memory  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cherry KE; Martin RC; Simmons-D'Gerolamo SS; Pinkston JB; Griffing A; Drew Gouvier W
  • Start Page

  • 177
  • End Page

  • 193
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 3