Regulation of type I and type II transglutaminase in normal human bronchial epithelial and lung carcinoma cells.

Academic Article


  • In cultured, undifferentiated normal human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells, transglutaminase activity was localized predominantly in the cytosolic fraction of cell lysates. Upon squamous differentiation, this cytosolic activity declined and was replaced by a 40-fold increase in the activity of particulate (membrane-associated) transglutaminase. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated that the cytosolic transglutaminase was Type II (tissue) transglutaminase and that squamous differentiation shifted gene expression to the Type I (epidermal) transglutaminase. Retinoic acid, an inhibitor of squamous cell differentiation, suppressed the increase in Type I transglutaminase. The decrease in Type II transglutaminase activity was unaffected by retinoic acid. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) enhanced Type II transglutaminase activity about 10-fold in the undifferentiated cells but did not increase Type I transglutaminase or cholesterol sulfate, two early markers of squamous differentiation. TGF-beta 2 was equivalent to TGF-beta 1 in inducing Type II transglutaminase and in inhibiting the growth of HBE cells. The differentiation-related and TGF-beta-induced changes in transglutaminase activity were reflected in the level of transglutaminase Type I and Type II protein and mRNA. Expression of transglutaminases in lung carcinoma cell lines was variable. No correlation was observed between the expression of Type I transglutaminase and the classification of the cells as squamous cell carcinoma. Several lung carcinoma cell lines exhibited high levels of Type II transglutaminase activity that were increased several-fold by TGF-beta 1 treatment. Retinoic acid was ineffective in altering transglutaminase expression in most cell lines but induced Type II transglutaminase in a time- and dose-dependent manner in NCI-HUT-460 cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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    Author List

  • Vollberg TM; George MD; Nervi C; Jetten AM
  • Start Page

  • 10
  • End Page

  • 18
  • Volume

  • 7
  • Issue

  • 1