Characterization of the action of retinoids on mouse fibroblast cell lines

Academic Article


  • Retinoic acid affects 3T6 and 3T3 cells by inhibiting growth, causing a morphological change and increasing cell-to-substratum adhesiveness. Retinoic acid does not exert such effects on virus-transformed 3T3SV cells. Retinoic acid treatment of 3T6 cells causes a concentration-dependent increase in generation time and a reduction in saturation density. Analysis of cell surface proteins shows that a high molecular weight band of 230 000 D, corresponding to the position of the LETS glycoprotein, is more intensely labeled by iodination of cells treated with retinoic acid compared to control cells. Retinoic acid substantially stimulates the incorporation of 35SO4 into cell-associated glycosaminoglycans and causes a less dramatic increase in glycosaminoglycans excreted into the medium. The relationship between the increase in these cell surface components and the enhanced adhesiveness is discussed. A retinoic acid binding protein is detectable in the cytosol of 3T6 and 3T3 cells but not in 3T3SV cells, suggesting that the action of retinoids on these cells is mediated via this protein. © 1979.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Jetten AM; Jetten MER; Shapiro SS; Poon JP
  • Start Page

  • 289
  • End Page

  • 299
  • Volume

  • 119
  • Issue

  • 2