Inhibition of ornithine decarboxylase by retinoic acid and difluoromethylornithine in relation to their effects on differentiation and proliferation

Academic Article


  • Murine embryonal carcinoma F9 cells can be induced to differentiate by 2-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). The differentiated phenotype is similar to that of retinoic acid (RA)-treated F9 cells. In contrast to F9 cells the differentiated cells secrete plasminogen activator and express keratin intermediate filaments. Both DFMO and RA reduce ornithine decarboxylase activity, polyamine levels and inhibit cell proliferation of F9 cells. These compounds also reduce ODC, polyamine levels and proliferation of mouse BALB/c 3T6 firoblasts. RA inhibits the induction of ODC by insulin, serum and to a lesser extent that of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The action of DFMO and RA can be distinguished by their response to putrescine. The induction of differentiation and the inhibition of cell proliferation by DFMO can be totally abolished upon the addition of putrescine, whereas the actions of RA are not affected at all. These results suggest that the inhibition of ODC and reduction of polyamines are not causal in the induction of differentiation and the inhibition of proliferation by RA. © 1985.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 9131872
  • Author List

  • Jetten AM; Shirley JE
  • Start Page

  • 221
  • End Page

  • 230
  • Volume

  • 156
  • Issue

  • 1