Immune cells and cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-23 promote cellular responses mediated by T cells, which contribute to an inflammatory loop responsible for the induction and maintenance of psoriatic plaques. Antibodies that inhibit IL-12/23 or IL-23 are key treatment options for patients with psoriasis. IL-12 and IL-23 also play a key role in immune responses to infections and tumors. A growing body of information from clinical trials, cohort studies, postmarketing reports, genetic studies and animal models provides insights into the potential biological relationships between IL-12/23 inhibition and malignancies. We summarize this information in tables and provide some context for the interpretation of these data with the goal of informing dermatologists who are using IL-12/23 or IL-23 inhibitors to treat patients with psoriasis.