© The Author(s) 2018. This study aimed to determine the proportion of older adults who recovered community mobility after hospitalization and identify factors associated with recovery. Using a random sample of 1,000 Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years of age, we identified individuals with at least one hospitalization over 8.5 years of follow-up. Data were collected at baseline and every 6 months, including demographics, function, social support, community mobility measured by the UAB Life-Space Assessment (LSA), and overnight hospital admissions. Recovery was defined as a LSA score no more than five points lower than the prehospitalization LSA score at last follow-up. Overall, 339 participants (M age = 75.4 [SD = 6.6] years, 44% African American, 48% female) had at least one hospitalization. In the full logistic regression model, younger age (p =.007) and religious service attendance (p =.001) remained independently associated with recovery. An understanding of factors associated with recovery after hospitalization may provide a target for future interventions.