© 2017 American Physical Society. Using determinant quantum Monte Carlo (DQMC) simulations, we systematically study the doping dependence of the crossover from one to two dimensions and its impact on the magnetic properties of the Hubbard model. A square lattice of chains is used, in which the dimensionality can be tuned by varying the interchain coupling t. The dynamical spin structure factor and static quantities, such as the static spin susceptibility and nearest-neighbor spin correlation function, are characterized in the one- and two-dimensional limits as a benchmark. When the dimensionality is tuned between these limits, the magnetic properties, while evolving smoothly from one to two dimensions, drastically change regardless of the doping level. This suggests that the spin excitations in the two-dimensional Hubbard model, even in the heavily doped case, cannot be explained using the spinon picture known from one dimension. The DQMC calculations are complemented by cluster perturbation theory studies to form a more complete picture of how the crossover occurs as a function of doping and how doped holes impact magnetic order.