Rationale: The purposes of this study were to 1) conduct a review of neuropsychological (NP) outcomes after epilepsy surgery for DNET and 2) present pre/post-surgical NP results from a series of children with DNET. Methods: First, a systematic literature review was conducted with specific inclusion criteria. Second, a review of DNET surgical patients seen at two tertiary-care hospitals using reliable change methods of NP functioning was conducted. Results: Of 300 citations retrieved, 7 studies met criteria. Studies reported low average to average pre-surgical IQ. Engel Class I outcome was approximately 85%. Case Series: Thirteen children completed pre/post-surgical NP assessments. Pre-surgically, children demonstrated low average to average functioning. Post-surgically, few patients showed reliable change. One-third of children demonstrated psychological improvement. Conclusions: NP outcome following DNET has not been well-described. Children with DNET demonstrate low average to average NP functioning pre-surgically, good seizure outcome, and stable NP functioning post-surgically. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.