Functional neuro-ophthalmic conditions

Academic Article


  • The term functional or nonorganic indicates that the patient's visual acuity, ocular motility, or pupillary impairment has no underlying anatomic or physiologic basis. The diagnosis of a functional syndrome is one of exclusion. This chapter will define the different types of functional visual disorders and characterize the testing used to diagnose them. © 2009, American Academy of Neurology.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Vaphiades MS; Kline LB
  • Start Page

  • 106
  • End Page

  • 120
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 4