Urine oligosaccharide screening by MALDI-TOF for the identification of NGLY1 deficiency

Academic Article


  • N-glycanase deficiency (NGLY1 deficiency, NGLY1-CDDG), the first autosomal recessive congenital disorder of N-linked deglycosylation (CDDG), is caused by pathogenic variants in NGLY1. The majority of affected individuals have been identified using exome or genome sequencing. To date, no reliable, clinically available biomarkers have been identified. Urine oligosaccharide analysis was included as part of a routine evaluation for possible biomarkers in patients with confirmed NGLY1-CDDG. During the qualitative review of oligosaccharide profiles by an experienced laboratory director an abnormal analyte with a proposed structure of Neu5Ac1Hex1GlcNAc1-Asn was identified in NGLY1-CDDG patient urine samples. The same species has been observed in profiles from individuals affected with aspartylglucosaminuria, although the complete spectra are not identical. Additional studies using tandem mass spectrometry confirmed the analyte's structure. In addition to the known NGLY1-CDDG patients identified by this analysis, a single case was identified in a population referred for clinical testing who subsequently had a diagnosis of NGLY1-CDDG confirmed by molecular testing. Urine oligosaccharide screening by MALDI-TOF MS can identify individuals with NGLY1-CDDG. In addition, this potential biomarker might also be used to monitor the effectiveness of therapeutic options as they become available.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 7062750
  • Author List

  • Hall PL; Lam C; Alexander JJ; Asif G; Berry GT; Ferreira C; Freeze HH; Gahl WA; Nickander KK; Sharer JD
  • Start Page

  • 82
  • End Page

  • 86
  • Volume

  • 124
  • Issue

  • 1