Factors associated with quality of life among rural women with HIV disease

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This cross-sectional study examined physical, psychological, and social factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among a sample of 399 rural women with HIV disease living in the Southeastern United States. Of the socio-demographic variables, age (p = .003), race (p<0001), and time of HIV diagnosis (p = .03) were significantly associated with QOL. In bi-variate analysis, HIV symptoms (frequency and extent symptoms were bothersome), perceived stigma, internalized stigma, and depression were significantly and negatively associated with QOL whereas social support, problem-focused coping, perceived situational control, and healthy lifestyles were significantly and positively associated with QOL (all p<0001). In adjusted analysis, HIV symptom frequency, depression, problem-focused coping, perceived situational control, perceived stigma, healthy lifestyles, and race remained significant predictors of QOL and explained 55% of the variance in QOL among the study participants (model F , 390 = 66.7; p<0001). The study findings identify potential points of interventions to improve QOL among rural women with HIV disease. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 7
  • Published In

  • AIDS and Behavior  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Vyavaharkar M; Moneyham L; Murdaugh C; Tavakoli A
  • Start Page

  • 295
  • End Page

  • 303
  • Volume

  • 16
  • Issue

  • 2