Echinocandin resistance among Candida isolates at an academic medical centre 2005-15: Analysis of trends and outcomes

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. Objectives: To identify the frequency of micafungin resistance among clinically significant isolates of Candida stored at our institution from 2005 to 2015. Chart review of patients with resistant isolates then informed the clinical setting and outcomes associated with these infections. Methods: Clinical Candida isolates had been stored at-80°C in Brucella broth with 20% glycerol from 2005. Isolates were tested using broth microdilution to determine micafungin MICs. All Candida glabrata isolates and all isolates demonstrating decreased susceptibility to micafungin were screened for FKS mutations using a Luminex assay. Results: In total, 3876 Candida isolates were tested for micafungin resistance, including 832 C. glabrata isolates. Of those, 33 isolates from 31 patients were found to have either decreased susceptibility to micafungin and/or an FKS mutation. C. glabrata accounted for the majority of these isolates. While bloodstream infections were found to have a very high mortality rate, isolates from other sites were uncommonly associated with 30-day mortality. Overall resistance rates were very low. Conclusions: Echinocandin resistance in C. glabrata has been increasingly reported but rates at our institution remain very low. We hypothesize that a focus on antifungal stewardship may have led to these observations. Knowledge of local resistance patterns is key to appropriate empirical treatment strategies.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • McCarty TP; Lockhart SR; Moser SA; Whiddon J; Zurko J; Pham CD; Pappas PG
  • Start Page

  • 1677
  • End Page

  • 1680
  • Volume

  • 73
  • Issue

  • 6