© 2018, Society for Pediatric Pathology All rights reserved. Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRT; atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor [ATRT] in the central nervous system) are aggressive tumors in infants and children which can overlap with other sarcomas, such as synovial sarcoma (SS). The gold standard for SS diagnosis is characterization of the t(X;18) chromosomal translocation. However, stratification of cases for molecular analysis is not always straightforward or feasible. Recent literature suggests transducer-like enhancer of split 1 (TLE1) protein expression may distinguish SS from certain histologic mimics; however, this has not been investigated in MRT and ATRT. We stained whole-tissue sections of 18 archived cases of MRT and ATRT with TLE1. Nuclear expression was scored using a 4-tiered (0, 1+, 2+, and 3+) scale describing staining intensity, extent, or combination of both. The majority of MRT and ATRT cases showed some TLE1 immunoreactivity (n = 16; 89% for ≥1 + staining); 14 (78%) of total cases showed ≥2 + positivity using any of the 3 scoring systems. Over half (n = 10; 56%) of cases showed ≥2 + staining; 4 (22%) cases showed 3 + strong and diffuse TLE1 staining measured by all scoring systems in agreement. Although still of potential use, we urge caution in the interpretation of TLE1 when the differential diagnosis includes both SS and MRT or ATRT.