The term optic neuritis denotes primary inflammation of the optic nerve. When the clinical history and examination suggest optic neuritis and the optic disk appears normal, the term retrobulbar optic neuritis is used. Critical elements in establishing the diagnosis are a detailed history and an accurate examination. For this reason, the ophthalmologist must be familiar with the clinical profile of optic neuritis. © 2007 by Comprehensive Ophthalmology Update, LLC. All rights reserved.