A 14-year-old girl experienced two episodes of environmental tilt illusion. During both episodes, which lasted less than 1 minute, she perceived all objects within view as rotated 45 degrees clockwise. There were no auras, accompanying symptoms, or sequelae. Neuro-ophthalmic examination findings were normal except for a right relative afferent pupil defect (RAPD). Imaging disclosed a cystic mass in the left posterior thalamus with compression of the brachium of the left superior colliculus. Stereotactic biopsy revealed a pilocytic astrocytoma. This is the first case documenting environmental tilt illusion as an isolated symptom of a thalamic lesion. Disruption of vestibular connections between the posterior thalamus and the posterior parietal cortex may be the cause of this visual perceptive disorder.