Influence of the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib on sex differences in blood pressure and albuminuria in spontaneously hypertensive rats

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 We previously reported that female spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) have greater cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in the renal medulla and enhanced urinary excretion of prostaglandin (PG) E2 (PGE2) metabolites compared to male SHR. Based on the role of COX-2-derived prostanoids in the regulation of cardiovascular health, the aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that blood pressure (BP) in female SHR is more sensitive to COX-2 inhibition than in males. Seven week old male and female SHR were implanted with telemetry transmitters for continuous BP recording. After one week of baseline BP recording, male and female SHR were randomized to receive the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib (10 mg/kg/day) or vehicle for six weeks (from 9 to 14 weeks of age). Female SHR had lower BP and albuminuria compared to male SHR as well as enhanced urinary excretion of PGE metabolite (PGEM), 6-keto PGF1α and thromboxane B2, indicators of PGE2, PGI2 and TXA2, respectively. Treatment with celecoxib did not significantly alter BP or albuminuria in either female or male SHR. Celecoxib did not change PGs metabolites excretion in male SHR; however, excretion levels of PGEM and 6-keto PGF1α were reduced in female SHR. COX-2 derived PG can also induce oxidative stress. Markers of oxidative stress (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) and H2O2 excretion) were lesser in female SHR versus male SHR. Celecoxib treatment did not significantly change markers of oxidative stress in female SHR, however, urinary TBARs excretion was significantly reduced in male SHR after 6 weeks of treatment with celecoxib. Therefore, although celecoxib treatment appears to have distinct effects on prostanoids levels in female SHR vs. males, it is unlikely that COX-2 contributes to established sex differences in BP in SHR.
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    Author List

  • Elmarakby AA; Katary M; Pollock JS; Sullivan JC
  • Start Page

  • 16
  • End Page

  • 20
  • Volume

  • 135