The Correction of Myopia Evaluation Trial (COMET) is a multicenter, randomized, double-masked, controlled clinical trial evaluating whether there is a difference in the progression of myopia between children wearing progressive addition lenses (PALs) versus conventional single vision lenses (SVLs), as measured by cycloplegic autorefraction. Axial length, measured by A-scan ultrasonography, is an additional outcome measure. To meet the recruitment goal of 450 participants, eligible children ages 6-11 years (inclusive) with myopia in both eyes (spherical equivalent between -1.25 diopters (D) and -4.50 D, astigmatism ≤ 1.50 D, and anisometropia < 1.00 D) were recruited at four clinical centers between September 1997 and September 1998. Children who participated were assigned to receive PALs (Varilux Comfort with a +2.00 D addition) or SVLs. Measures include standardized cycloplegic autorefraction (Nidek ARK700A autorefractor), axial length (Sonomed A2500 ultrasound), subjective refraction (Marco TRS system), visual acuity (modified Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study protocol), accommodation (Canon R-1), and phoria (cover test and Maddox rod). Outcome measures are collected annually; adherence is assessed and prescriptions updated semiannually. Participants are being followed for at least 3 years. COMET enrolled 469 children. Their mean age is 9.3 years (range 6-11 years); 52% are female. COMET children are ethnically diverse, according to a self-report with 46% White, 26% African American, 14% Hispanic, and 8% Asian. Best-corrected visual acuity is better than 20/32 in both eyes. Baseline mean (±SD) cycloplegic refractive correction is -2.38 D (±0.81) in the right eye and -2.40 D (±0.82) in the left eye; mean (±SD) axial length is 24.1 mm (±0.7) in both eyes. Follow-up of these children will provide a first step in answering the important question of whether there are effective means to slow myopia progression. Study results should be applicable to a large proportion of children with myopia. The study will also provide useful information on myopia progression in children wearing conventional single vision lenses. © Elsevier Science Inc. 2001.