Significant disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates among minority groups have been documented in the United States, despite an overall decline in these rates for the population as a whole. Differences in cervical cancer screening practices have been suggested as an explanation for these disparities, as have differences in treatment among various racial and ethnic groups. A number of factors are attributed to these observed differences. As minority populations continue to grow in size over the next 50 years, persistent disparities will place an ever increasing burden on these populations and on the national healthcare system. Strategies to reduce cervical cancer disparities need to be employed in order to reverse these trends. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.