Cyclophosphamide versus cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5‐fluorouracil in advanced prostatic cancer: A randomized trial

Academic Article


  • Thirty‐two evaluable patients with metastatic carcinoma of the prostate were entered into a prospective randomized trial comparing cyclophosphamide (CYC) with a combination of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF). Progressive disease after endocrine manipulation was noted in 97% (31/32) of patients before entry. Stable disease (S) was observed in 9 of 17 patients treated with CYC. One partial response (PR) and seven stable responses occurred in the 15 CMF patients. Median duration of stable response was 4.5 months for CYC and 4.5 months on CMF. Median survival of patients with PR and S receiving CYC was 10.1 and for CMF 8.8 months. Patients with progressive disease survived a median 1.7 and 2.6 months with CYC and CMF, respectively. Toxicity was moderate, and no deaths were attributable to sepsis or bleeding. Almost all patients in this study had bone lesions as the dominant site of disease; this made objective assessment of response difficult. There was no significant improvement in response conferred by the combination regimen. Although patients with metastatic prostatic cancer may benefit from chemotherapy, impressive clinical responses are uncommon. Copyright © 1981 American Cancer Society
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Cancer  Journal
  • Author List

  • Muss HB; Howard V; Ii FR; White DR; Jackson DV; Robert Cooper M; Stuart JJ; Resnick MI; Brodkin R; Spurr CL
  • Start Page

  • 1949
  • End Page

  • 1953
  • Volume

  • 47
  • Issue

  • 8