Cloning of the murine beta5 integrin subunit promoter. Identification of a novel sequence mediating granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-dependent repression of beta5 integrin gene transcription.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We previously noted that the initial receptor by which murine osteoclast precursors bind matrix is the integrin alphav beta5 and that granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) decreases expression of this heterodimer by suppressing transcription of the beta5 gene. We herein report cloning of the beta5 integrin gene promoter and identification of a GM-CSF-responsive sequence. A 13-kilobase (kb) genomic fragment containing part of the beta5 gene was isolated by screening a mouse genomic library with a probe derived from the most 5'-end of a murine beta5 cDNA. A combination of primer extension and S1 nuclease studies identifies two transcriptional start sites, with the major one designated +1. A 1-kb subclone containing sequence -875 to + 110 is transcriptionally active in a murine myeloid cell line. This 1-kb fragment contains consensus binding sequences for basal (Sp1), lineage-specific (PU.1), and regulatable (signal transducer and activator of transcription) transcription factors. Reflecting our earlier findings, promoter activity is repressed in transfected myeloid cells treated with GM-CSF. Using deletion mutants, we localized a 109-base pair (bp) promoter region responsible for GM-CSF-inhibited beta5 transcription. We further identified a 19-bp sequence within the 109-bp region that binds GM-CSF-induced nuclear proteins by gel shift/competition assays. Mutation of the 19-bp sequence not only ablates its capacity to bind nuclear proteins from GM-CSF-treated cells, in vitro, but the same mutation, when introduced in the 1-kb promoter, abolishes its ability to respond to GM-CSF treatment. Northern analysis demonstrates that cycloheximide treatment abrogates the capacity of GM-CSF to decrease beta5 mRNA levels. In summary, we have identified a 19-bp cis-element mediating GM-CSF-induced down-regulation of beta5 by a mechanism requiring protein synthesis.
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    Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, Cloning, Molecular, Cycloheximide, Down-Regulation, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor, Humans, Integrin beta Chains, Integrins, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Point Mutation, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Synthesis Inhibitors, Repressor Proteins, Transcription, Genetic
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Feng X; Teitelbaum SL; Quiroz ME; Towler DA; Ross FP
  • Start Page

  • 1366
  • End Page

  • 1374
  • Volume

  • 274
  • Issue

  • 3