© 2017, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. The objective of this update, presented at the 2017 Annual Assembly of the American Association of Palliative and Hospice Medicine (AAHPM) and the Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association (HPNA), is to identify, summarize, and critique a sampling of research from the prior year that has the potential for marked impact on hospice and palliative clinical practice. Eight reports of original research published between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016 were identified through a systematic PubMed search using the terms "hospice" and "palliative care," a hand search of 22 leading healthcare journals, and discussion with experts in the field. Candidate articles were ranked based on the study's methodological quality, appeal to a breadth of palliative care clinicians across different settings, and potential clinical practice impact. We summarize the eight articles with the highest ratings and give recommendations for clinical practice.