Adherence of sickle erythrocytes to vascular endothelium likely initiates or participates in microvascular occlusion, leading to ischemic tissue and organ damage characteristic of sickle-cell pain episodes. In vitro, sickle-cell adherence to endothelium involves adhesive plasma proteins and integrin and nonintegrin receptors on sickle cells and endothelial cells. The involvement of arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) sequences in adhesive plasma proteins and integrin receptors suggests that RGD-containing peptides may inhibit sickle-cell/endothelial-cell adherence. In the present study, inhibition of plasma-mediated sickle-erythrocyte adherence to endothelium using conformationally constrained RGD-containing peptides was quantified in vitro under continuous flow at a shear stress of 1.0 dyn/cm2. Two conformationally constrained RGD peptides were investigated: 6Z (which has high affinity for α5β1, α(v)β3, and α(IIIb)β3, integrin receptors), and TP9201 (which preferentially binds to α(IIb)β3). Peptide 6Z at 50 μM inhibited plasma-mediated sickle-cell adherence to microvascular endothelium 70% when incubated with sickle red cells, and 63% when incubated with endothelium. Under similar conditions, peptide TP9201 inhibited plasma-mediated sickle-cell adherence up to 85% at concentrations from 250 to 500 μM TP9201. The inhibition of plasma-mediated adherence by conformationally constrained non peptides, but not by linear or circular constructs, suggests that the tertiary structure of the peptide containing the binding sequence is important. Inhibition of plasma-mediated sickle-cell adhesion with these peptides in vitro suggests that such conformationally constrained RGD peptides could provide therapeutic interventions in the course of the disease by inhibiting receptor-ligand interactions.