CLUSTER HEADACHE IS almost always idiopathic, but, in rare cases, associated intracranial lesions have been found. We describe a patient who had chronic cluster headache for more than 20 years. The headache immediately resolved upon resection of a tentorial meningioma. Prior reports of cluster headache as a manifestation of structural disease are briefly reviewed. In the patient described, the pain was referred from the right tentorium cerebelli to the right side of the face, in accordance with reported studies on the subjective localization of pain referred from posterior fossa structures. The accompanying abnormalities of autonomic function may have been mediated by central autonomic reflexes that are also involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic cluster headache. © by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.