Glycan recognition leading to cell-cell interactions, signaling, and immune responses is mediated by various glycan-binding proteins (GBPs) showing highly diverse ligand specificities. We describe here a rapid glycan immobilization technique via 4-hydrazinobenzoic acid (HBA)-functionalized beads and its application to high-throughput screening of miniature pig kidney N-glycan-binding proteins by using a mass-spectrometric approach. Without any derivatization steps, the purified pig kidney N-glycans were directly immobilized on to HBA-functionalized beads and subsequently used to identify GBPs from human serum. This screening method showed remarkable performance for identifying potential GBPs closely involved in pig-to-human xenograft rejection mediated by human serum, including antibodies, cytokines, complement components, siglec, and CD antigens. Thus, these results demonstrate that the GBP screening method was firmly established by one-step immobilization of the N-glycans on to microsphere and highly sensitive mass-spectrometric analysis. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.