Xenoreactive natural antibodies

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Shortages of human organs for transplantation have made it necessary to examine the possibility of using nonhuman organs for xenotransplantation - the transplantation of tissues between different species. Pigs are now regarded as the most likely species to serve as donors for clinical xenotransplantation. However, rejection of pig tissues and organs, mediated by the host's immune system, remains a major barrier to successful xenotransplantation. The primary immunological hurdle to overcome is rejection mediated by antibodies in the host that recognize antigens present on xenogeneic tissues. Since these antibodies are produced naturally in the host without immunization, they are termed natural antibodies. Here, we review the nature of xenoreactive natural antibodies directed toward pig tissues, and summarize recent progress in the field of xenotransplantation directed at overcoming humoral rejection of porcine xenografts.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bracy JL; Cretin N; Cooper DKC; Iacomini J
  • Start Page

  • 1001
  • End Page

  • 1007
  • Volume

  • 56
  • Issue

  • 11-12