Progress in pig-to-non-human primate transplantation models (1998-2013): A comprehensive review of the literature

Academic Article


  • © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Background The pig-to-non-human primate model is the standard choice for in vivo studies of organ and cell xenotransplantation. In 1998, Lambrigts and his colleagues surveyed the entire world literature and reported all experimental studies in this model. With the increasing number of genetically engineered pigs that have become available during the past few years, this model is being utilized ever more frequently. Methods We have now reviewed the literature again and have compiled the data we have been able to find for the period January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2013, a period of 16 yr. Results The data are presented for transplants of the heart (heterotopic and orthotopic), kidney, liver, lung, islets, neuronal cells, hepatocytes, corneas, artery patches, and skin. Heart, kidney, and, particularly, islet xenograft survival have increased significantly since 1998. Discussion The reasons for this are briefly discussed. A comment on the limitations of the model has been made, particularly with regard to those that will affect progression of xenotransplantation toward the clinic.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cooper DKC; Satyananda V; Ekser B; Van Der Windt DJ; Hara H; Ezzelarab MB; Schuurman HJ
  • Start Page

  • 397
  • End Page

  • 419
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 5