Circulating organ-specific microRNAs serve as biomarkers in organ-specific diseases: Implications for organ allo- and xeno-transplantation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Different cell types possess differentmiRNA expression profiles, and cell/tissue/organ-specific miRNAs (or profiles) indicate different diseases. Circulating miRNA is either actively secreted by living cells or passively released during cell death. Circulating cell/tissue/organ-specific miRNA may serve as a non-invasive biomarker for allo- or xeno-transplantation to monitor organ survival and immune rejection. In this review, we summarize the proof of concept that circulating organ-specific miRNAs serve as non-invasive biomarkers for a wide spectrum of clinical organ-specific manifestations such as liver-related disease, heart-related disease, kidney-related disease, and lung-related disease. Furthermore, we summarize how circulating organ-specific miRNAs may have advantages over conventional methods for monitoring immune rejection in organ transplantation. Finally, we discuss the implications and challenges of applying miRNA to monitor organ survival and immune rejection in allo- or xeno-transplantation.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zhou M; Hara H; Dai Y; Mou L; Cooper DKC; Wu C; Cai Z
  • Volume

  • 17
  • Issue

  • 8