Angiopoietin-1 and angiopoietin-2 protect porcine iliac endothelial cells from human antibody-mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity through phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase/AKT pathway activation

Academic Article


  • © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Cytokines play crucial roles in inflammation, but their role in xenotransplantation remains elusive. We assessed the role of several cytokines using an in vitro model of human antibody-mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). Recombinant human angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) protected porcine iliac endothelial cells (PIECs) from human antibody-mediated CDC. Interestingly, human angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) had a similar protective effect on PIECs. By flow cytometry analysis, the extent of human IgM and IgG binding to PIECs did not decrease when PIECs were exposed to Ang-1/Ang-2. The mRNA level of complement regulators (CD46, CD55, CD59) was not upregulated in PIECs treated with Ang-1/Ang-2, both of which activated the PI3K/AKT pathway in PIECs. Wortmannin, which inhibits phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), suppressed Ang-1/Ang-2-induced AKT phosphorylation and consequent Ang-1/Ang-2-mediated protection of PIECs in human antibody-mediated CDC model. Moreover, dominant negative AKT also suppressed Ang-1/Ang-2-mediated protection of PIECs in this model. In conclusion, our data suggest that human Ang-1/Ang-2 induces the protection of PIECs from human antibody-mediated CDC by activating the PI3K/AKT pathway. Ang-1/Ang-2 is likely to protect porcine endothelial cells and may be beneficial in xenotransplantation research.
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    Author List

  • Gao H; Chen P; Wei L; Xu J; Liu L; Zhao Y; Hara H; Pan D; Li Z; Cooper DKC
  • Volume

  • 24
  • Issue

  • 4