Psychometric evaluation of a measure of Beck's negative cognitive triad for youth: Applications for African-American and Caucasian adolescents

Academic Article

Abstract

  • A measure of Beck's negative cognitive triad, the Cognitive Triad for Children (CTI-C), was evaluated for its psychometric properties and utility with a community sample of 880 African-American and Caucasian adolescents. High-school students ranging from 14 to 17 years of age completed the CTI-C, the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised (CASQ-R) on two occasions 4 months apart. The CTI-C was found to be internally consistent, Cronbach's α = .90, to have acceptable test-retest reliability, r = .70, and concurrent validity as demonstrated by a significant correlation with the CASQ-R, r = .5 3. A principal factor analysis with promax rotation did not yield support for Beck's tripartite model of negative cognitions about the self, world, and future but rather yielded three factors with a combination of cognitions from all three domains. African American adolescents who reported more maladaptive cognitions on the CTI-C reported fewer depressive symptoms on the CDI 4 months later compared to their Caucasian counterparts, suggesting some limitation to using the CTI-C to predict depressive symptoms in African-American youth; however, Factor 1 derived from a factor analysis with the sample was more consistent in predicting future symptoms among both African-American and Caucasian adolescents. This factor consisted largely of positively worded items, offering some support for low positive affect as a predictor of depressive symptoms in adolescents. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Greening L; Stoppelbein L; Dhossche D; Martin W
  • Start Page

  • 161
  • End Page

  • 169
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 4