Transitive and intransitive verbs were paired with CVC trigrams. By placing a trigram either before or after a verb, two types of structural configurations were formed. It was hypothesized that trigram placement would interact with type of verb. It was found that acquisition of the pairs of items was a function of an interaction involving verb transitivity, trigram position, and trials. The results were interpreted as support for the hypothesis that the underlying structure of verbs affects recall. © 1972 Academic Press, Inc. All rights reserved.