Whole exome sequencing identified sixty-five coding mutations in four neuroblastoma tumors

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2017 The Author(s). Neuroblastoma is a pediatric tumor characterized by histologic heterogeneity, and accounts for ~15% of childhood deaths from cancer. The five-year survival for patients with high-risk stage 4 disease has not improved in two decades. We used whole exome sequencing (WES) to identify mutations present in three independent high-risk stage 4 neuroblastoma tumors (COA/UAB-3, COA/UAB -6 and COA/UAB -8) and a stage 3 tumor (COA/UAB-14). Among the four tumors WES analysis identified forty-three mutations that had not been reported previously, one of which was present in two of the four tumors. WES analysis also corroborated twenty-two mutations that were reported previously. No single mutation occurred in all four tumors or in all stage 4 tumors. Three of the four tumors harbored genes with CADD scores ≥20, indicative of mutations associated with human pathologies. The average depth of coverage ranged from 39.68 to 90.27, with >99% sequences mapping to the genome. In summary, WES identified sixty-five coding mutations including forty-three mutations not reported previously in primary neuroblastoma tumors. The three stage 4 tumors contained mutations in genes encoding protein products that regulate immune function or cell adhesion and tumor cell metastasis.
  • Published In

  • Scientific Reports  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Miller AL; Garcia PL; Pressey JG; Beierle EA; Kelly DR; Crossman DK; Council LN; Daniel R; Watts RG; Cramer SL
  • Volume

  • 7
  • Issue

  • 1