γδT cells but not αβT cells contribute to sepsis-induced white matter injury and motor abnormalities in mice

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Infection and sepsis are associated with brain white matter injury in preterm infants and the subsequent development of cerebral palsy. Methods: In the present study, we used a neonatal mouse sepsis-induced white matter injury model to determine the contribution of different T cell subsets (αβT cells and γδT cells) to white matter injury and consequent behavioral changes. C57BL/6J wild-type (WT), T cell receptor (TCR) δ-deficient (Tcrd -/-, lacking γδT cells), and TCRα-deficient (Tcra -/-, lacking αβT cells) mice were administered with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at postnatal day (PND) 2. Brain myelination was examined at PNDs 12, 26, and 60. Motor function and anxiety-like behavior were evaluated at PND 26 or 30 using DigiGait analysis and an elevated plus maze. Results: White matter development was normal in Tcrd -/- and Tcrα -/- compared to WT mice. LPS exposure induced reductions in white matter tissue volume in WT and Tcrα -/- mice, but not in the Tcrd -/- mice, compared with the saline-treated groups. Neither LPS administration nor the T cell deficiency affected anxiety behavior in these mice as determined with the elevated plus maze. DigiGait analysis revealed motor function deficiency after LPS-induced sepsis in both WT and Tcrα -/- mice, but no such effect was observed in Tcrd -/- mice. Conclusions: Our results suggest that γδT cells but not αβT cells contribute to sepsis-induced white matter injury and subsequent motor function abnormalities in early life. Modulating the activity of γδT cells in the early stages of preterm white matter injury might represent a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of perinatal brain injury.
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    Author List

  • Zhang X; Rocha-Ferreira E; Li T; Vontell R; Jabin D; Hua S; Zhou K; Nazmi A; Albertsson AM; Sobotka K
  • Volume

  • 14
  • Issue

  • 1