Hormone Therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women US preventive services task force recommendation statement

Academic Article

Abstract

  • IMPORTANCE: Menopause occurs ata median age of 51.3 years, and the averageUS woman who reaches menopause is expected to live another 30 years. The prevalence and incidence of most chronic conditions, such as coronary heart disease, dementia, stroke, fractures, and breast cancer, increase with age; however, the excess risk for these conditions that can be attributed to menopause alone is uncertain. Since the publication of findings from the Women's Health Initiative that hormone therapy use is associated with serious adverse health effects in postmenopausal women, use ofmenopausal hormone therapy has declined. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2012US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions. EVIDENCE REVIEW: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the benefits and harmsof systemic (ie, oral or transdermal) hormone therapy for the prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women and whether outcomes vary among women in different subgroups or by timing of intervention after menopause. The review did not address hormone therapy for preventing or treating menopausal symptoms. FINDINGS: Although the use of hormone therapy to prevent chronic conditions in postmenopausal women is associated with some benefits, there are also well-documented harms. The USPSTF determined that the magnitude ofboth the benefits and the harms of hormone therapy in postmenopausal womenissmallto moderate. Therefore, the USPSTF concluded with moderate certainty that combined estrogen and progestin has no net benefit for the primary prevention of chronic conditions for most postmenopausal women with an intact uterus and that estrogen alone has no net benefit for the primary prevention of chronic conditions for most postmenopausal women who have had a hysterectomy. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION: The USPSTF recommends against the use of combined estrogen and progestin for the primary prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women. (D recommendation) The USPSTF recommends against the use of estrogen alone for the primary prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women who have had a hysterectomy. (Drecommendation)
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Grossman DC; Curry SJ; Owens DK; Barry MJ; Davidson KW; Doubeni CA; Epling JW; Kemper AR; Krist AH; Kurth AE
  • Start Page

  • 2224
  • End Page

  • 2233
  • Volume

  • 318
  • Issue

  • 22