The role of nitrates, beta blockers, and calcium antagonists in stable angina pectoris

Academic Article


  • Numerous controlled studies have shown that nitrates, beta blockers, and calcium antagonists are effective in the treatment of stable angina pectoris. The pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and hemodynamic effects of these agents are different, and thus combination therapy offers additive improvement and also counterbalancing of the undesirable side effects of each drug. The choice of therapy depends on the severity of symptoms, associated diseases, compliance, side effects, and status of left ventricular function. The main mechanism of improvement is a decrease in myocardial oxygen consumption, though an increase in coronary blood flow is another potential reason for the use of calcium blockers. This review considers the properties of these drugs, their mechanism of action, and the results of randomized studies. © 1988.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Chan P; Heo J; Garibian G; Askenase A; Segal BL; Iskandrian AS
  • Start Page

  • 838
  • End Page

  • 848
  • Volume

  • 116
  • Issue

  • 3