Multinuclear NMR spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic studies of electronic and steric effects of phosphonous acid ligands and their chlorophosphite ligand precursors in tungsten pentacarbonyl complexes

Academic Article


  • Although phosphonous acid ligands have recently become of interest for use in transition metal complex catalysts for organic reactions such as alkene hydroformylations, the factors that affect the steric and electronic properties of these ligands have not been studied in detail. To gain insight into the electronic and steric properties of phosphonous acid ligands, we have prepared tungsten(0) pentacarbonyl complexes with chlorophosphite ligands derived from either 2,2′-biphenol or (±)-1,1′-bi-2-naphthol and have then hydrolyzed the coordinated ligands to generate tungsten(0) pentacarbonyl complexes with the corresponding phosphonous acid ligands. NMR measurements of the W-P coupling constants demonstrate that changing the biaryl groups from biphenyl to binaphthyl does not affect the electron-donor ability of the ligand, whereas changing the third substituent from chloro to oxo has a significant effect. Estimation of cone angles of the ligands from X-ray crystallographic data have shown that neither changing the biaryl group nor changing the third substituent have a significant effect on their cone angles. Further, these studies have identified important intra- and intermolecular interactions that favor certain ligand conformations. The data could be useful for the development of catalytic structure-activity relationships that could be used in the rational design of catalysts. Steric and electronic properties of chlorophosphite ligands derived from 2,2′-biphenol or (±)-1, 1′-bi-2-naphthol and their corresponding phosphonous acid ligands in tungsten(0) pentacarbonyl have been studied by using multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. The identity of the biaryl group does not affect either the steric or the electronic properties of the ligands. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hastings SD; Byrd H; Gray LN; Jablonsky MJ; Freeman JL; Gray GM
  • Start Page

  • 2900
  • End Page

  • 2911
  • Issue

  • 16