A detection scheme is described that allows one to accomplish dual-energy scanned projection digital radiography without switching the X-ray tube voltage. The method employs a high/low atomic number detector sandwich that simultaneously separates the X-ray beam transmitted by the patient into low and high energy components. To test the method, the response of a scanning linear array of energy-sensitive detectors was simulated, and bone and soft tissue images of an anthropomorphic chest phantom were obtained at 140 kVp. These were compared with similar images obtained by switching the X-ray tube voltage from 80 kVp to a heavily filtered 140 kVp. For comparable entrance skin exposures, the dual-energy detector images required a lower tube load and resulted in higher noise levels. The latter is attributable to the fact that the separation in energy between the high and low energy components is smaller with the dual-energy detector than with the voltage switching technique, and to misregulation problems associated with the simulation methodology. A detector design is also discussed that would result in improved energy separation and lower noise levels. In view of this possibility and the tube loading advantage, the method looks promising for digital scanned projection radiography.