© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) are an uncommon entity that interventional radiologists may face in their clinical practice. Many of these lesions are treated successfully using endovascular techniques with satisfactory long-term results. However, some PAVMs respond poorly to initial interventional techniques. This article reviews the signs and symptoms of persistent PAVMs, illustrates different imaging modalities used to diagnose these lesions, and outlines mechanisms by which these lesions may persist. The article highlights techniques and embolic agents used for percutaneous transcatheter embolotherapy of persistent PAVMs and discuss the outcomes of these interventions.