Pioneers in epidural needle design

Academic Article


  • Epidural anesthesia, once thought to be impractical and cumbersome, has become an essential part of today's anesthesia practice. Part of this success can be attributed to modifications in needle design and material. Most of the aforementioned innovations were not patented; thus, manufacturers apply names freely to their needles. This article sheds light on the development of several important needle modifications and acknowledges their inventors, thus providing anesthesiologists with important background information about equipment frequently used in our specialty.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Frölich MA; Caton D
  • Start Page

  • 215
  • End Page

  • 220
  • Volume

  • 93
  • Issue

  • 1