BACKGROUND: The role of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) clearance in kidney graft survival is unknown. We examined short-term trends of protein/creatinine (P/C) ratios in HCV-infected kidney transplant recipients treated with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 19 kidney transplant patients with HCV infection treated with DAAs at the University of Alabama at Birmingham between January 2013 and June 2016. Markers of glomerular damage were assessed using average urinary protein/creatinine (P/C) ratios measured pretreatment and posttreatment. Treatment efficacy was defined as sustained virologic response at 12 weeks post-HCV treatment (SVR12). RESULTS: The median age of the 19 patients included was 59 years (Q1 = 58, Q3 = 64). Of these patients, 68% were African American, 32% were White and 63% were male. The median time between kidney transplant and initiation of DAA therapy was 2.25 years (Q1 = 0.79, Q3 = 3.79). Posttreatment P/C ratios (median = 0.127, Q1=0.090, Q3 = 0.220) were significantly lower (P = 0.01) than pretreatment ratios (median = 0.168, Q1 = 0.118, Q3 = 0.385). P/C ratios decreased in 14 of 19 patients (74%) with a median change of -0.072 (median percent change = -40%). Posttreatment estimated glomerular filtration rates (median = 58.9, Q1 = 48.9, Q3 = 72.3) were not significantly different (P = 0.82) than the pretreatment values (median = 57.0, Q1 = 48.8, Q3 = 67.8). All patients achieved SVR12. CONCLUSIONS: In this preliminary study, there was a statistically significant decrease in P/C ratios associated with HCV clearance, suggesting a potential role for DAAs in improving kidney graft survival. Larger cohort studies will be needed to assess the clinical and long-term benefits of DAAs in this population.