Effects of acute hyperinsulinemia on skeletal muscle mitochondrial function, reactive oxygen species production, and metabolism in premenopausal women

Academic Article


  • Background Acute metabolic demands that promote excessive and/or prolonged reactive oxygen species production may stimulate changes in mitochondrial oxidative capacity. Purpose To assess changes in skeletal muscle H O production, mitochondrial function, and expression of genes at the mRNA and protein levels regulating energy metabolism and mitochondrial dynamics following a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp in a cohort of 11 healthy premenopausal women. Methods Skeletal muscle biopsies of the vastus lateralis were taken at baseline and immediately following the conclusion of a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. Mitochondrial production of H O was quantified fluorometrically and mitochondrial oxidation supported by pyruvate, malate, and succinate (PMS) or palmitoyl carnitine and malate (PCM) was measured by high-resolution respirometry in permeabilized muscle fiber bundles. mRNA and protein levels were assessed by real time PCR and Western blotting. Results H O emission increased following the clamp (P < 0.05). Coupled respiration (State 3) supported by PMS and the respiratory control ratio (index of mitochondrial coupling) for both PMS and PCM were lower following the clamp (P < 0.05). IRS1 mRNA decreased, whereas PGC1α and GLUT4 mRNA increased following the clamp (P ≤ 0.05). PGC1α, IRS1, and phosphorylated AKT protein levels were higher after the clamp compared to baseline (P < 0.05). Conclusions This study demonstrated that acute hyperinsulinemia induced H O production and a concurrent decrease in coupling of mitochondrial respiration with ATP production in a cohort of healthy premenopausal women. Future studies should determine if this uncoupling ameliorates peripheral oxidative damage, and if this mechanism is impaired in diseases associated with chronic oxidative stress. 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
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    Author List

  • Warren JL; Bulur S; Ovalle F; Windham ST; Gower BA; Fisher G
  • Start Page

  • 1
  • End Page

  • 12
  • Volume

  • 77