Tobacco Use and Sustained Viral Suppression in Youth Living with HIV

Academic Article

Abstract

  • ¬© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Tobacco has been associated with worse HIV disease progression in adult samples of people living with HIV; however, studies have yet to examine these effects in youth living with HIV (YLWH). This study examined the association between tobacco smoking behaviors and sustained viral suppression among a sample of 820 YLWH who were recruited through the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV Interventions. Participants completed a cross-sectional survey and then staff abstracted viral suppression data from medical records for up to 26¬†weeks prior to enrollment. Overall, 20.4% of youth reported daily or almost daily tobacco use. In multivariable analyses, older age and daily or almost daily tobacco smoking, and ART adherence remained statistically significant in predicting sustained viral suppression over the study period. These findings underscore the need for tobacco screening and interventions in HIV care settings in order to identify youth in need of additional smoking cessation services.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • AIDS and Behavior  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gamarel KE; Westfall AO; Lally MA; Hosek S; Wilson CM
  • Start Page

  • 2018
  • End Page

  • 2025
  • Volume

  • 22
  • Issue

  • 6