Modification of population based arterial input function to incorporate individual variation

Academic Article


  • This technical note describes how to modify a population-based arterial input function to incorporate variation among the individuals. In DCE-MRI, an arterial input function (AIF) is often distorted by pulsated inflow effect and noise. A population-based AIF (pAIF) has high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), but cannot incorporate the individual variation. AIF variation is mainly induced by variation in cardiac output and blood volume of the individuals, which can be detected by the full width at half maximum (FWHM) during the first passage and the amplitude of AIF, respectively. Thus pAIF scaled in time and amplitude fitting to the individual AIF may serve as a high SNR AIF incorporating the individual variation. The proposed method was validated using DCE-MRI images of 18 prostate cancer patients. Root mean square error (RMSE) of pAIF from individual AIFs was 0.88 ± 0.48 mM (mean ± SD), but it was reduced to 0.25 ± 0.11 mM after pAIF modification using the proposed method (p < 0.0001).
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kim H
  • Start Page

  • 66
  • End Page

  • 71
  • Volume

  • 45