Inflammatory arthropathies are characterized by major changes in gene expression, which-ultimately-result from differential activities of intracellular signaling pathways and their associated inducible transcription factors. The nuclear factor of activated T cells' (NFAT) family of transcription factors plays diverse roles in a variety of processes in the immune system and other tissues. Preliminary evidence has recently emerged implicating NFAT family members directly in the pathogenesis of inflammatory arthropathies. Specific anti-NFAT drug therapy may add to the pharmacologic armamentarium against rheumatoid arthritis, other inflammatory arthropathies, and related autoimmune disorders. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.