CD8+ T cells expressing both PD-1 and TIGIT but not CD226 are dysfunctional in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common types of leukemia among adults with an overall poor prognosis and very limited treatment management. Immune checkpoint blockade of PD-1 alone or combined with other immune checkpoint blockade has gained impressive results in murine AML models by improving anti-leukemia CD8 T cell function, which has greatly promoted the strategy to utilize combined immune checkpoint inhibitors to treat AML patients. However, the expression profiles of these immune checkpoint receptors, such as co-inhibitory receptors PD-1 and TIGIT and co-stimulatory receptor CD226, in T cells from AML patients have not been clearly defined. Here we have defined subsets of CD8 and CD4 T cells in the peripheral blood (PB) from newly diagnosed AML patients and healthy controls (HCs). We have observed increased frequencies of PD-1- and TIGIT- expressing CD8 T cells but decreased occurrence of CD226-expressing CD8 T cells in AML patients. Further analysis of these CD8 T cells revealed a unique CD8 T cell subset that expressed PD-1 and TIGIT but displayed lower levels of CD226 was associated with failure to achieve remission after induction chemotherapy and FLT3-ITD mutations which predict poor clinical prognosis in AML patients. Importantly, these PD-1 TIGIT CD226 CD8 T cells are dysfunctional with lower expression of intracellular IFN-γ and TNF-α than their counterparts in HCs. Therefore, our studies revealed that an increased frequency of a unique CD8 T cell subset, PD-1 TIGIT CD226 CD8 T cells, is associated with CD8 T cell dysfunction and poor clinical prognosis of AML patients, which may reveal critical diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers and direct more efficient therapeutic strategies. + + + + + + + + + − + + + + − + +
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 25131562
  • Author List

  • Wang M; Bu J; Zhou M; Sido J; Lin Y; Liu G; Lin Q; Xu X; Leavenworth JW; Shen E
  • Start Page

  • 64
  • End Page

  • 73
  • Volume

  • 190