Combined effects of Corexit EC 9500A with secondary abiotic and biotic factors in the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis

Academic Article


  • We examined lethality and behavioral effects of Corexit EC 9500A (C-9500A) exposure on the model marine zooplankton Brachionus plicatilis singularly and in combination with abiotic and biotic factors. C-9500A exposure at standard husbandry conditions (17.5 ppt, 24 °C, 200 rotifer∗mL-1 density) identified the 24 h median lethal concentration, by Probit analysis, to be 107 ppm for cultured B. plicatilis. Rotifers surviving exposure to higher concentrations (100 and 150 ppm) exhibited a decreased swimming velocity and a reduced net to gross movement ratio. Significant interaction between C-9500A exposure and temperature or salinity was observed. Upper thermal range was reduced and maximal salinity stress was seen as ca. 25 ppt. Increased or decreased nutritional availability over the exposure period did not significantly alter mortality of B. plicatilis populations at the concentrations tested. Results from this study may be useful for predicting possible outcomes on marine zooplankton following dispersant application under diverse natural conditions.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Williams MB; Powell ML; Watts SA
  • Start Page

  • 39
  • End Page

  • 44
  • Volume

  • 188