The molecular structures of tris(dimethylamino)-phosphane, -arsane and -stibane, E(NMe2)3, E = P, As or Sb and Me = CH3, by gas electron diffraction and ab initio molecular orbital calculations

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The molecular structures of E(NMe2)'3, E = P, As or Sb and Me = CH3, have been determined by gas electron diffraction (GED) and ab initio molecular orbital calculations at the HF/6-31G* level. The equilibrium structures have C(s) symmetry with two NMe2 ligands oriented in such a manner that the direction of the electron lone pair on each N atom is orthogonal to the direction of the lone pair on the E atom, while the third ligand is oriented in such a manner that the lone pair on the N atom is antiparallel to the lone pair on E. The coordination of the antiparallel N atom is distinctly pyramidal (sum of the valence angles = 337°by GED) while the two orthogonal N atoms are nearly planar (sum of valence angles = 353°by GED). The bond distances from E to the antiparallel N atom is two to four pm longer than the bond distances to the orthogonal N atoms, and the valence angle >NEN spanned by the orthogonal N atoms is some 10°larger than the two angles spanned by the antiparallel and one orthogonal N atom. It is suggested that the equilibrium structures are stabilized by anomeric effects, i.e. delocalization of the lone pairs of the orthogonal N atoms into antibonding σ*(E-N) orbitals.
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    Author List

  • Baskakova PE; Belyakov AV; Colacot T; Krannich LK; Haaland A; Volden HV; Swang O
  • Start Page

  • 311
  • End Page

  • 317
  • Volume

  • 445
  • Issue

  • 1-3