Potential Antigens Involved in Delayed Xenograft Rejection in a Ggta1/Cmah Dko Pig-to-Monkey Model

Academic Article


  • When hyperacute rejection is avoided by deletion of Gal expression in the pig, delayed xenograft rejection (DXR) becomes a major immunologic barrier to successful xenotransplantation. This study was to investigate the potential antigens involved in DXR. We isolated primary renal microvascular endothelial cells (RMEC) and aortic endothelial cells (AEC) from a GGTA1/CMAH double-knockout (DKO) pig (and a GGTA1-KO pig) and immunized cynomolgus monkeys with both of these cells. After sensitization, monkey serum antibody binding and cytotoxicity to RMEC was significantly higher than to AEC(p < 0.05), suggesting that RMEC are more immunogenic than AEC. Transcriptome sequencing of GGTA1/CMAH DKO pigs indicated that the expression of 1,500 genes was higher in RMEC than in AEC, while expression of 896 genes was lower. Next, we selected 101 candidate genes expressed only in pig RMEC, but not in pig AEC or in monkey or human RMEC. When these genes were knocked out individually in GGTA1/CMAH DKO RMEC, 32 genes were associated with reduced antibody binding, indicating that these genes might be primary immunologic targets involved in DXR. These genes may be important candidates for deletion in producing pigs against which there is a reduced primate immune response in pig kidney xenograft.
  • Published In

  • Scientific Reports  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zhang J; Xie C; Lu Y; Zhou M; Qu Z; Yao D; Qiu C; Xu J; Pan D; Dai Y
  • Volume

  • 7
  • Issue

  • 1