Human papillomavirus vaccination rates in young cancer survivors

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose Cancer survivors are at high risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related morbidities; we estimated the prevalence of HPV vaccine initiation in cancer survivors versus the US population and examined predictors of noninitiation. Methods Participants included 982 cancer survivors (9 to 26 years of age; 1 to 5 years postcompletion of therapy); we assessed HPV vaccine initiation, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, and vaccine-specific health beliefs; age-, sex-, and year-matched US population comparisons were from the National Immunization Survey-Teen and the National Health Interview Survey (2012-2015). Results Themean age at the time of the studywas 16.36 4.7 years; themean time off therapy was 2.7 6 1.2 years; participants were 55% male and 66% non-Hispanic white; 59% had leukemia/lymphoma. Vaccine initiation rates were significantly lower in cancer survivors versus the general population (23.8%; 95% CI, 20.6%to 27.0%v 40.5%; 95%CI, 40.2%to 40.7%; P , .001); survivors were more likely to be HPV vaccine-naive than general population peers (odds ratio [OR], 1.72; 95% CI, 1.41 to 2.09; P , .001). Initiation in adolescent survivors (ages 13 to 17 years) was 22.0% (95% CI, 17.3%to 26.7%), significantly lower than population peers (42.5%; 95%CI, 42.2% to 42.8%; P,.001). Initiation in young adult survivors and peers (ages 18 to 26 years) was comparably low (25.3%; 95% CI, 20.9% to 29.7% v 24.2%; 95% CI, 23.6% to 24.9%). Predictors of noninitiation included lack of provider recommendation (OR, 10.8; 95%CI, 6.5 to 18.0; P , .001), survivors' perceived lack of insurance coverage for HPV vaccine (OR, 6.6; 95% CI, 3.9 to 11.0; P,.001), male sex (OR, 2.9; 95%CI, 1.7 to 4.8; P,.001), endorsement of vaccine-related barriers (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.6 to 4.6; P , .001), and younger age (9 to 12 years; OR, 3.7; 95% CI, 1.8-7.6; P , .001; comparison, 13 to 17 years). Conclusion HPV vaccine initiation rates in cancer survivors are low. Lack of provider recommendation and barriers to vaccine receipt should be targeted in vaccine promotion efforts.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Klosky JL; Hudson MM; Chen Y; Connelly JA; Wasilewski-Masker K; Sun CL; Francisco L; Gustafson L; Russell KM; Sabbatini G
  • Start Page

  • 3582
  • End Page

  • 3590
  • Volume

  • 35
  • Issue

  • 31