© 2017 The Authors. The Benyviridae is a family of multipartite plant viruses with rod-shaped virions. Genomes are segmented and comprised of single-stranded, positive-sense RNAs, each with a 5′ m 7 G cap. Unlike rod-shaped viruses classified in the Virgaviridae family, the genome segments have a 3′ polyA tract and there is post-translational cleavage of the viral replicase. The better-known members are transmitted by root-infecting vectors in the Plasmodiphorales family, once described as fungi but now classified as Cercozoa. The family has a single genus. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the taxonomy of Benyviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/benyviridae.