Development of Entrustable Professional Activities for Hospice and Palliative Medicine Fellowship Training in the United States

Academic Article


  • Context Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) represent the key physician tasks of a specialty. Once a trainee demonstrates competence in an activity, they can then be “entrusted” to practice without supervision. A physician workgroup of the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine sought to define Hospice and Palliative Medicine (HPM) EPAs. Objective The objective of this study was to describe the development of a set of consensus EPAs for HPM fellowship training in the United States. Methods A set of HPM EPAs was developed through an iterative consensus process involving an expert workgroup, vetting at a national meeting with HPM educators, and an electronic survey from a national registry of 3550 HPM physicians. Vetting feedback was reviewed, and survey data were statistically analyzed. Final EPA revisions followed from the multisource feedback. Results Through the iterative consensus process, a set of 17 HPM EPAs was created, detailed, and revised. In the national survey, 362 HPM specialists responded (10%), including 58 of 126 fellowship program directors (46%). Respondents indicated that the set of 17 EPAs well represented the core activities of HPM physician practice (mean 4.72 on a five-point Likert scale) and considered all EPAs to either be “essential” or “important” with none of the EPAs ranking “neither essential, nor important.” Conclusions A set of 17 EPAs was developed using national input of practicing physicians and program directors and an iterative expert workgroup consensus process. The workgroup anticipates that EPAs can assist fellowship directors with strengthening competency-based training curricula.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Landzaat LH; Barnett MD; Buckholz GT; Gustin JL; Hwang JM; Levine SK; Okon TR; Radwany SM; Yang HB; Encandela J
  • Start Page

  • 609
  • End Page

  • 616.e1
  • Volume

  • 54
  • Issue

  • 4